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Introduction to Tendons on Ultrasound: A Common Sense Approach

Case 1

A 22-year-old male presents with posterior heel pain after starting a new job that requires a lot of walking. His skin over the heel is red. The skin is intact.  There is no swelling or “pump bump”.

 

 

The following images of the Achilles tendon were obtained in long and short axis.

Achilles tendon in long axis

Figure 1a. Long axis grayscale ultrasound image of the Achilles tendon at the calcaneal insertion. The white arrow indicates a hypoechoic area.

Achilles tendon in short axis

Figure 1b. Short axis grayscale ultrasound of the Achilles tendon. The tendon measures 4.9mm in AP thickness, this is normal.

 

Click below to take a short quiz on this case. After successfully passing the quiz you can view explanatory notes about the choices as well as references for further reading before proceeding to the next case.

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